What you should know about Manx cats

Alternative Name

Cabbit, Cymric (if long-haired)

Basic Info

The Manx, characterized by its taillessness, is medium in size, compact, with a short back that arches up from shoulders to haunches. It has sturdy bone structure with forelegs shorter than the hind legs, rump as "round as an orange" being higher than the shoulders. The Manx has a soft, double coat with a short "open" look. Head and Ears: The head should be slightly longer than it is broad, with prominent cheeks (also stud jowls in the male) which make it appear rather round. There should be a break at the whiskers. The nose is slightly longer and broader than in the American Shorthair, but with no suggestion of snipishness. Ears medium in size, rather wide at the base and tapering gradually to a rounded tip, with sparse furnishings inside. The Manx may have ear tufts at the tip which make the ear appear pointed; this is permissible. Ears are widely spaced and are set slightly outward so that when viewed from behind they resemble the rocker of a cradle. The head shape, ear set and eye Depth of set give the Manx the unique "Manx look". Penalize: Foreshortened head; short nose heavy furnishings inside ears. Eye Shape and Set: Eyes should be round and full, set at a slight angle (outer corner a little above inner corner). The ideal eye color conforms Color and with requirements for color of coat but in the Manx should only be considered if all other points are equal. Penalize: Eye set straight across in head as in longhairs. See American Shorthair Standard for eye color. Body, Legs and Feet: The body should be medium in size; compact with a short back that arches up from shoulders to haunches. Sturdy bone structure. Forelegs shorter than hind legs. Feet round and firm, with five toes in front, four in back. OBJECTION: Rangy body, level back. Taillessness: The Manx cat should appear tailless. There is no penalty for a rise of bone or cartilage which does not stop the judges hand when the palm is stroked down the back and over the rump. No probing of the dimple or rise by the judge is allowed. The rump of the Manx cat will be felt with the palm of the hand. Height of Hindquarters: The hind legs should be longer than the forelegs, making their rump higher than the shoulders. The hind legs should have substantial bone and should be straight when viewed from behind. Penalize: Short hind legs; fine bone; bowed or cow hocked (knock-kneed) hind legs.

Manx health

Pedigreed Manx cats today are much healthier and have fewer health issues related to their genetics than the Manx of years ago. This is due in part to the careful selection of breeding stock, and knowledgeable, dedicated breeders. Manx have been known to live into their mid- to high-teens and are no less healthy than other cat breeds. Like any other cat, keeping Manx cats indoors, neutering or spaying, and providing acceptable surfaces for the cat's normal scratching behavior are vital to lengthen the life of any cat. Manx Syndrome is a colloquial name given to the condition which results when the mutant tailless gene responsible for shortening the cats' spine has an excessive negative effect. It can seriously damage the spinal cord and the nerves. The cat can have problems with spina bifida, bowels, bladder, and digestion as a result. Actual occurrences of this are rare in modern examples of the breed due to informed breeding practices. [1] Most pedigreed cats are not placed until four months of age to make sure that proper socialisation has occurred. This gives adequate time for any mutant gene-related health issues to be seen, as they turn up early in the cat's life. According to Robinson's Genetics for Cat Breeders and Veterinarians, both the Manx tailless gene and the Scottish Fold fold-eared gene are potential lethal genes in utero if extreme tailless to tailless are mated or if extreme fold-eared to fold-eared are mated. Problems are most likely to occur when two completely tailless Manx are bred together. For this reason, responsible breeders generally breed a 'stumpy' or fully-tailed Manx with a 'rumpy' or 'rumpy riser' to minimise the chances of serious defects. This breeding practice is responsible for the decreasing occurrence of spinal problems in recent years. no cat should be left outside as this can lead to arthritus,hypothermia,and accidents involving cars. Because the Manx's has a dense coat, they will need regular grooming or matting may result. Also, the same genetic mutation that causes the Manx to have no tail can also cause severe neurological problems, as well as some problems with normal defecation. Make sure you have your Manx kitten examined at a young age, so any spinal problems can be detected.

Natural habitat of Manx

N/A

What do Manx cats eat?

cat food, milk

Manx behavior and personality

The Manx breed is a highly intelligent cat breed, it is playful, and in its behaviour, bizarre, but very reminiscent of dogs; for example, some Manx cats will fetch small objects that are thrown. It is considered a social feline, and the breed loves humans. This attribute makes them an ideal breed for families with young children and people who prefer a companion. Some members of this breed tend to like water, many times even playing with it. This trait makes it very easy to give some Manx cats a shower for hygiene purposes, unlike most other cats. Although not as trainable as dogs, Manx cats can learn simple commands. Other cat breeds that share similar personality traits are Bengal and Ocicat. If there are multiple Manx cats in a household, an owner might notice that they chase each other frequently. This is common behaviour for Manx cats; they like to chase anything, be it an animal or leaf caught in the wind. Their 'meow' often resembles a long, monotone grunt or rapid chirping. However, Manx cats usually are very quiet.

The origin of Manx cats

Isle of Man (Crown dependency)

History of Manx cats

The Manx breed originated on the Isle of Man, hence their name. It is called kayt Manninagh in the Manx language. They are an old breed, and tailless cats were common on the island as long as two or three hundred years ago. It is unknown exactly how the mutation originated, but one legend states that it was the result of cats surviving a shipwreck centuries ago. Legends even claim that Noah caused the breed to be tailless by closing the door to the ark as the Manx was entering, cutting off the tail. Other legends allege that cats and rabbits mated, and their offspring became the Manx cat; the reasoning behind this is the fact that Manx usually do not have tails, and have longer hind legs, which gives them a similar appearance to rabbits, especially when running. This was further reinforced by the Cabbit myth. The most probable scientific explanation of this breed's existence is that once the dominant mutant tailless gene was introduced to the island, it became common and concentrated in the genetically isolated population. This resulted in the "normal" cat on the island having a short or nonexistent tail.

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